Bulgarian association of University Women
Women and Corruption Parallel event, 19 march
Graduate Women International
Women in power and decision-making, Women and the economy, Institutional mechanisms
SDG5 – Gender Equality, SDG 10 – Reduced Inequality
The findings of the Global Corruption Barometer survey show that economic development, corruption and public health are three most important problems that the governments should address in the countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Balkans.
The negative effects of corruption have a greater impact on women's lives. They can also escalate gender inequality that already exists within society, which creates additional obstacles for women's access to resources, services and opportunities.
Gender and corruption according Jennifer Bradford may be defined in public and in private sectors.
In the public sector it is required equal payment for equal work. It was presented so interesting practice – audit finds not equal payment for women and man by the projects financed with public recourses and have been terminated this agreements.
According Prof. Lena Wangnerud, higher participation of women in local councils leads to lower level of corruption.
It is possible to identify several private sectors’ areas in which corruption can find gender differences:
• access to basic services, markets and loans;
• involvement in the political live;
• human rights violations;
• consequences of ineffective management.
Gender can also be a factor in business corruption, which affects business opportunities, the access of companies to markets and resources, and cooperation with the regulatory authorities. There are numerous indications that female entrepreneurs face barriers when look for loans and that it can be more difficult for them to obtain permits and licenses to start their own business.
The region of CEE and Balkans need more transparency in public and private sectors and more effective management of all resources.
Anti-corruption measures should include a number of transparent recommendations, which promise to bring about positive inter-sectorial results:
• using of gender-disaggregated data in the planning of activities, determination of the system of basic indicators and target indicators of monitoring, and evaluation of the effectiveness of implemented activities ;
• conducting targeted studies to fill the existing information gaps on gender aspects of corruption ;
• using of gender analysis in identifying problematic issues in anticorruption policy ;
• ensuring gender balance among members of anticorruption bodies to better take into account the interests and needs of both women and men.